Preventive Care

  • Introduction
  • Check up
  • Oral hygiene care
  • Fluoride
  • Sealant

Introduction

One major Truth about taking care of your Tooth is preventive care works

A Healthy Mouth is the Gateway to a Healthy Body

Good oral health contributes to your overall health.Gingivitis, the earliest form of gum disease, can be painless and easily overlooked. However, when treated at this stage, it can be easily managed. Left untreated it can quickly lead to periodontitis, an irreversible condition that destroys the bone that holds the teeth in place. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and has been associated with very serious medical conditions including:

    • heart disease

    • Alzheimer’s disease

    • cancer

    • stroke

    • diabetes

    • adverse pregnancy outcomes

    • obesity

    • sleep apnea

    • ENT

Check up

Comprehensive Dental Exams

Your oral health is not just about maintaining a beautiful smile but gums and teeth are a vital part of your overall health. Gum disease has been linked to serious health conditions, including strokes, type 2 diabetes, pregnancy issues, and more. A proper periodontal or dental issue identification can…..any that need treatment. The quicker we can catch a potential oral health issue, the faster we can offer treatment, protecting your health and saving you time, pain, and money in the long run.

  • Review and update your medical history
  • Perform a thorough gum pocket check - 6 points per tooth
  • Take all necessary digital X-rays
  • Perform comprehensive scaling  and polishing
  • Review and update oral hygiene instruction
  • Check for TMJ and bite problems

Benefit

You’ll save money.

Some people think going for a regular check-up is an unnecessary expense, but it’s really just the opposite. The earlier a condition is spotted and treated, the better. In fact, a regular check-up can save you hundreds of dollars in procedures that would otherwise be unnecessary if a condition is treated immediately, before it gets worse.

Your dental history is recorded.

When you have a regular dentist that you go to each time for check-ups and for all the procedures that you need for your teeth, your history is recorded – all your extractions, fillings, and conditions (such as gingivitis and others). Having a dental history is important especially if you have a condition that needs to be treated, so going to the same dentist or at least the same dental office over a period of time is also beneficial.

Your oral hygiene and dental health improves.

A lot of people take oral health for granted, but going to a regular check-up will help you because your dentist can recommend certain practices that can improve your oral hygiene. Your dentist can help pinpoint aspects of your oral health that need improvement, and, when you maintain regular check-ups, you also tend to be more conscious and proactive in taking care of your teeth.

Oral hygiene care

  • Brushing thoroughly, twice a day, should be the last thing you do at night and at least one other time during the day.
  • Clean between the teeth with “interdental” brushes or floss at least once a day.
  • Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals.
  • Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste, and consider fluoride application in the case of children under 12 or adults with potential dental caries forming.
  • Regular dental check-ups.

Tools:

   1) Tooth brush
  • A soft tooth brush is recommended.
  • For the front of your front teeth, angle your brush at about 45 degrees and brush in small circular motions. This will also massage your gums while removing plaque.
  • For the back of your front teeth, hold your brush vertically and brush up and down ensuring you brush your gums as well as your tooth surface. Brush each tooth individually.
  • For your back teeth use a horizontal forward and back motion across the top of your teeth, this will help the bristles get into the deep grooves. Then tilt your brush to 45 degrees – like for your front teeth – and brush the outside and inside of your back teeth and gums.
  • A thorough brushing routine should take between 2 – 3 minutes.
   2) Dental floss

Cleaning in between your teeth removes plaque and bits of food from between your teeth and under your gum line - areas a toothbrush can't reach. When flossing or using interdental brushes, keep to a regular pattern and remember not to miss any teeth. It helps to look in the mirror. It is also very important to clean around the edges of any crowns, bridges, or implants. You should clean between your teeth at least once a day.

  • Break off about 45 centimeters (18 inches) of floss, and wind some around one finger of each hand.
  • Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers, with about an inch of floss between them, leaving no slack. Use a gentle “rocking” motion to guide the floss between your teeth. Do not jerk the floss or snap the floss into the gums.
  • When the floss reaches your gum line, curve it into a C-shape against one tooth until you feel resistance.
  • Hold the floss against the tooth. Gently scrape the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum. Repeat on the other side of the gap, along the side of the next tooth.
  • Don't forget the back of your last tooth. Again, keep to a regular pattern. Start at the top and work from left to right, then move to the bottom and again work from the left to right. This way you're less likely to miss any teeth.
   3) Interdental brush

Interdental brushes serve as an alternative to flossing; they can be used daily and can be more effective for interproximal plaque removal than floss as suggested by a number of studies. Interdental brushes, depending on their size and shape as well as the surfaces of the teeth, can prove to be effective tools for reducing interproximal plaque.

   4) Oral irrigators

Oral irrigators use a stream or jet of water to remove plaque and bits of food from around your teeth or an orthodontic appliance (“brace”). Oral irrigators might also be recommended for:

  • a fixed bridge that is difficult to clean.
  • crooked teeth.
  • if you find it difficult to use interdental brushes or floss.

Fluoride

More than 70 years of scientific research has consistently shown that an optimal level of fluoride in community water is safe and effective in preventing tooth decay by at least 25% in both children and adults.

Fluoride benefits both children and adults.

Before teeth break through the gums, the fluoride taken in from foods, beverages, and dietary supplements makes tooth enamel (the hard surface of the tooth) stronger, making it easier to resist tooth decay. This provides what is called a "systemic" benefit.

After teeth erupt, fluoride helps rebuild (remineralize) weakened tooth enamel and reverses early signs of tooth decay. When you brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste, or use other fluoride dental products, the fluoride is applied to the surface of your teeth. This provides what is called a "topical" benefit.

In addition, the fluoride you take in from foods and beverages continues to provide a topical benefit because it becomes part of your saliva, constantly bathing the teeth with tiny amounts of fluoride that help rebuild weakened tooth enamel.

Indications that fluoride might be needed:

  • poor oral hygiene
  • active caries
  • eating disorders
  • drug or alcohol abuse
  • lack of regular professional dental care
  • active orthodontic treatment
  • poor oral hygiene
  • high levels of caries-causing bacteria in the mouth

Type

  1. By tray
  2. Fluoride varnish
  3. Mouthwash
  4. Fluoride tablet

Pro

  • Remineralize weakened tooth surface against caries forming

Cons

  • Possible nausea or vomiting for over fluoridation
  • Create fluorosis or white spot on tooth surface in over fluoridation

Sealant

Sealants are thin layers of resin that are placed on the pits, fissures, and grooves of molars to prevent decay on these surfaces.

The majority of decay on the back teeth starts in the grooves and pits of chewing surfaces, especially during the first few years after their eruption. Sealing these surfaces with composite resins prevents this kind of decay.

Sealants are one of the most effective methods of preventing decay on the surfaces where they are placed. Although it is still a possibility that decay may develop on surfaces in between teeth, sealants significantly reduce the overall chance of having cavities.